Word of mouth is the process of telling people you know a particular product or service, usually because you think it is good and want to encourage them to try it.
Word of mouth is a way of communicating through speaking. In other words, WOM is transferring information from one person to another.
Example: User of a product/service talks about the product to someone in its friend circle. If the user has a bad customer service experience, it can be passed to the people, he/she meets up with. As a result, they will most likely opt not to buy any products from that company.
The purpose of the WOM is to gain the trust and loyalty of the customers. Since we live in a world, where everyone is trying to sell us something, gaining trust can be hard. People are searching for reviews or recommendations. Thus, having a quality customer experience encourages customers to talk about your products. This creates loyal customers, which ultimately increases sales, customer satisfaction.
The WOM is a really low-cost and valuable marketing strategy for any brand. It can be easily overlooked. Thus, the focus should be on building lasting relationships and creating a community. This is an important and beneficial long-term strategy.
Firstly, the customers get the recommendation/review traditionally by the word of mouth. For example from a friend or a family member.
The second option is that people find recommendations/testimonials through Social Media. These days, researching online is a more preferred way to decide if you want to buy a product/service. This is called WOMM, which is Word of mouth marketing.
Example: Ben and Sarah are interested in hiring a cleaning company for their home. Both of them start to research cleaning companies in the city. Ben found a few cleaning companies online based on great reviews from Trustpilot. Therefore, they decide to contact one of them for the services. After having a great experience, they share it with other people in their close circle. This is how WOM works through reviews.
Shortly, WOMM is the same strategy as a traditional word of mouth. The main difference is that WOMM is encouraged by the brand/company, whereas the traditional word of mouth happens organically. The word of mouth marketing purpose is to market the product/service to gain more exposure.
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Word of mouth marketing is a form of marketing that involves “whispering” to consumers about a given product or brand. Its purpose is to trigger a discussion on a given topic in an ethical and non-pushy way. The final effect should be discussions about the brand or product, leading to increased brand recognition or purchase. Such marketing does not make customers feel forced and attacked by the brand.
Word-of-mouth marketing can be generated in several ways. The best tool for positive marketing is, of course, your customers. So what to do to make customers want to leverage word of mouth? Ask them to try out your new product and then tell them about it; make them feel that their opinions matter and distinguish them with, e.g., dedicated promotions; create a space for discussion – it can be a forum, Facebook group, or simply the ability to add comments in posts or entries on websites and portals; stay in constant contact with your clients; hire a person who will conduct word-of-mouth marketing activities.
Word of mouth marketing is very effective because the Internet provides it with many tools. This allows information to be communicated, and we can build social relationships. Word of mouth marketing should start with triggering a discussion on a given topic. Only in the discussion should we gently mention the brand or product we want to advertise. First of all, you need to remember about naturalness and non-intrusiveness.
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